World Wildlife Day 2017
Listen to the young voices

“World Wildlife Day 2017 encourages youth around the world to rally together to address ongoing major threats to wildlife including habitat change, over-exploitation or illicit trafficking. Youth are the agents of change. In fact, we are already seeing the positive impacts on conservation issues made by some young conservation leaders around the world. If they can help make a change, you can too! Governments, law makers, enforcement officers, customs officials and park rangers across every region are scaling up their efforts to protect wildlife. It is also up to every citizen, young and old, to protect wildlife and their habitats. We all have a role to play. Our collective conservation actions can be the difference between a species surviving or disappearing. It’s time for us all to listen to the young voices”

Participate in the discussion on twitter @WildlifeDay

Picture (c) N.J. Bastiaensen (nielsbastiaensen.com) 2014

Know the difference ?

  • IN CAPTIVITY

    FARM ANIMAL OR COMPANION ANIMAL
    means an animal of a domesticated species that lives under direct human supervision or control.


    CAPTIVE WILD ANIMAL
    means an animal that has a phenotype not significantly affected by human selection but that is captive or otherwise lives under direct human supervision or control, including zoo animals and pets.


  • FREE ROAMING

    FERAL ANIMAL
    means an animal of a domesticated species that now lives without direct human supervision or control.


    WILD ANIMAL
    means an animal that has a phenotype unaffected by human selection and lives independent of direct human supervision or control.


OIE disease portals

OIE working group on wildlife


OIE Working Group on Wildlife (portal) Founded in 1994, this Working Group informs and advises the OIE on all health problems relating to wild animals, whether in the wild or in captivity. It has prepared recommendations and oversees numerous scientific publications on the surveillance and control of the most important specific wildlife diseases. The Working Group comprises world-leading scientific experts in their subject areas.

Picture (c) N. J. Bastiaensen (nielsbastiaensen.com) 2015

WAHIS Wild


The OIE Worldwide Monitoring System for Wild Animal Diseases (portal) Wildlife diseases may have a serious impact on livestock health and public health and can adversely affect wildlife conservation. Disease surveillance in wildlife must be considered just as important as surveillance in domestic animals. The OIE was a precursor in recognising the importance of having a good knowledge of the disease situation in wildlife and has been collecting worldwide information on wildlife diseases since 1993. Since 2008, major improvements have been introduced aimed at collecting quantitative and qualitative data on wild animals from Member Countries. The type of data collected has been brought into line with the data collected as part of the World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS), which has itself been further developed to better address the disease situation in wild animals for OIE-listed diseases. To improve the efficacy and efficiency of data collection, since 2013 a new section has been added to WAHIS to notify diseases specific for wild animals and to replace the previous Excel questionnaire that the OIE has been using since 1993 to collect data on wildlife diseases.

OIE Collaborating Centres with specific expertise on wildlife

Research, Diagnosis and Surveillance of Wildlife Pathogens


National Wildlife Health Center
US Geological Survey
US Department of Interior
6006 Schroeder Road, Madison, Wisconsin, WI 53711
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
+1-608 270.24.01 | jsleeman@usgs.gov
www.nwhc.usgs.gov

This multi-national OIE Collaborating Centre includes participation from the following institution:


Canadian Cooperative Wildlife Health Centre
Western College of Veterinary Medicine
University of Saskatchewan
52 Campus Drive, Saskatoon S7N 5B4
CANADA
+1-(306) 371-7177 | www.cwhc-rcsf.ca
national@cwhc-rcsf.ca | cstephen@cwhc-rcsf.ca

Training in Integrated Livestock and Wildlife Health and Management


Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases
Faculty of Veterinary Science
University of Pretoria, Private Bag X04, Onderstepoort 0110
SOUTH AFRICA
+27-12 529.84.26 | fax: +27-12 529.83.12
anita.michel@up.ac.za

Chapters of the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code (2016) dealing (in part or entirely) with wildlife

Volume I

Glossary
SECTION 1. ANIMAL DISEASE DIAGNOSIS, SURVEILLANCE AND NOTIFICATION
Chapter 1.1. Notification of diseases, infections and infestations, and provision of epidemiological information
Chapter 1.2. Criteria for the inclusion of diseases, infections and infestations in the OIE list
Chapter 1.3. Diseases, infections and infestations listed by the OIE
Chapter 1.4. Animal health surveillance
Chapter 1.6. Procedures for self declaration and for official recognition by the OIE

SECTION 3. QUALITY OF VETERINARY SERVICES
Chapter 3.2. Evaluation of Veterinary Services

SECTION 4. GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS: DISEASE PREVENTION AND CONTROL
Chapter 4.3. Zoning and compartmentalisation
Chapter 4.4. Application of compartmentalisation
Chapter 4.12.Disposal of dead animals

SECTION 5. TRADE MEASURES, IMPORT/EXPORT PROCEDURES AND VETERINARY CERTIFICATION
Chapter 5.10. Model veterinary certificates for international trade in live animals, hatching eggs and products of animal origin

SECTION 6. VETERINARY PUBLIC HEALTH
Chapter 6.5. Prevention, detection and control of Salmonella in poultry
Chapter 6.10. Risk analysis for antimicrobial resistance arising from the use of antimicrobial agents in animals
Chapter 6.11. Zoonoses transmissible from non-human primates

SECTION 7. ANIMAL WELFARE
Chapter 7.7. Stray dog population control

Volume II

SECTION 8. MULTIPLE SPECIES
Chapter 8.1. Anthrax
Chapter 8.2. Infection with Aujeszky's disease virus
Chapter 8.4. Infection with Brucella abortus, B. melitensis and B. suis
Chapter 8.5. Infection with Echinococcus granulosus
Chapter 8.6. Infection with Echinococcus multilocularis
Chapter 8.7. Infection with epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus
Chapter 8.8. Infection with foot and mouth disease virus
Chapter 8.9. Heartwater
Chapter 8.11. New world screwworm (Cochliomyia hominivorax) and Old world screwworm (Chrysomya bezziana)
Chapter 8.13. Infection with rabies virus
Chapter 8.15. Infection with rinderpest virus
Chapter 8.16. Infection with Trichinella spp.

SECTION 9. APIDAE
Chapter 9.1. Infestation of honey bees with Acarapis woodi
Chapter 9.2. Infection of honey bees with Paenibacillus larvae (American foulbrood)
Chapter 9.3. Infection of honey bees with Melissococcus plutonius (European foulbrood)
Chapter 9.5. Infestation of honey bees with Tropilaelaps spp.
Chapter 9.6. Infestation of honey bees with Varroa spp. (Varroosis)

SECTION 10. AVES
Chapter 10.4. Infection with avian influenza viruses
Chapter 10.9. Infection with Newcastle disease virus

SECTION 11. BOVIDAE
Chapter 11.5. Bovine tuberculosis
Chapter 11.6. Bovine tuberculosis of farmed cervidae
Chapter 11.11. Lumpy skin disease (caused by group III virus, type Neethling)

SECTION 12. EQUIDAE
Chapter 12.1. Infection with African horse sickness virus
Chapter 12.6. Infection with equine influenza virus
Chapter 12.11. Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis

SECTION 13. LEPORIDAE
Chapter 13.1. Myxomatosis
Chapter 13.2. Rabbit haemorrhagic disease

SECTION 14. CAPRINAE
Chapter 14.3. Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia
Chapter 14.7. Infection with peste des petits ruminants virus

SECTION 15. SUIDAE
Chapter 15.1. African swine fever
Chapter 15.2. Infection with classical swine fever virus

Capacity-building of OIE focal points for wildlife (in Africa)

Picture (c) P. Bastiaensen (oie) 2016

Ebola and animal health

What you need to know on Ebola and animal health
Picture (c) Anton Croos (PikiWiki) Dpt. of Global Health - University of Washington

Important OIE publications on wildlife

OIE / IUCN Manual of procedures for wildlife disease risk analysis
OIE / IUCN Guidelines for wildlife disease risk analysis
Training Manual on wildlife diseases and surveillance (1st cycle)
Training Manual on wildlife diseases and surveillance (2nd cycle)
Health Risk Analysis in Wild Animal Translocations

Partnerships and Agreements

Partnerships

CPW Collaborative Partnership on Sustainable Wildlife Management

Factsheet 3: Sustainable wildlife management and animal health

Wildlife and livestock interactions can lead to bi-directional disease transmission, competition for resources and direct predation. An integrated management approach is essential, particularly given current human population growth and intensification of agriculture. This fact sheet focuses on wildlife/livestock health and the key role of sustainable wildlife management in this area.

Picture (c) F. Diaz (oie) 2016

Cooperation agreements between the OIE and intergovernmental organisations and other international non-governmental organisations dealing with wildlife


Agreement with International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation (CIC)


Memorandum of Understanding between the OIE and the
International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN)


Agreement with the Secretariat of the Convention on International
Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
(CITES Secretariat)

Links to intergovernmental organisations and other international non-governmental organisations dealing with wildlife

AU-IBAR (wildlife) | CIC | CITES | DVTD (UP) | FAO (CPW) | FAO (wildlife) | IUCN | NWHC(USGS) | World Wildlife Day

 

International Conferences, hosted by the OIE


OIE Global Conference on Wildlife Animal – Health and Biodiversity Paris (France) 23-25 February 2011

Recommendations