Since the early 1990s, the OIE has been given by the International Committee (now renamed World Assembly) composed of the Delegates of the OIE Member Countries, the responsibility of compiling a list of Member Countries or zones that are officially recognised as being free from certain diseases. For this purpose, a clearly defined and impartial procedure for declaring a Member Country free from a disease was necessary, accompanied by well-designed, science-based questionnaires.
In May 1994 a new procedure was adopted by the International Committee (World Assembly). Developed by the Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) and Other Epizootics Commission (now called the Scientific Commission for Animal Diseases), which is elected by the International Committee, it permitted the OIE to examine in detail dossiers submitted by the Delegates of Member Countries in support of a claim that their countries or zones within their countries could be considered free of FMD in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 2.2.10. of the Terrestrial Animal Health Code (FMD was the first disease chosen in the light of its significance for international trade).
In 1996 the first official list of OIE Member Countries or zones that were FMD free without using vaccination was published after adoption by the International Committee (World Assembly).
Since the declaration of the global eradication of rinderpest, at the 79th General Session in 2011, the evaluation of rinderpest status is no longer taking place.
The official recognition of disease status of Member Countries is of great significance for international trade and constitutes one of the most important legal links between the OIE and WTO.
Member Countries can also declare themselves free of diseases for which there is, as yet, no specific procedure for obtaining Official OIE recognition of Member Country status. In this case, they must provide the relevant epidemiological information to importing countries in proof of their position. The data provided must conform to the standard measures contained in the TerrestrialAnimal Health Code, which is recognised by the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS Agreement) of the World Trade Organization (WTO).
OIE-endorsed official control programmes for FMD, PPR and CBPP
In May 2011, during the 79th General Session, the OIE World Assembly of Delegates (Assembly) adopted
Resolution No. 19 establishing a new step in the procedure for recognizing the foot and
mouth disease (FMD) status of a Member Country, namely the endorsement by the OIE of a
national official control programme for FMD being in compliance with the provisions of the
chapter on FMD in the Terrestrial Animal Health Code (Terrestrial Code).The same now also applies to PPR (2013) and CBPP (2014) Read more ...