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World Organisation
for Animal Health
Editorial Director: Dr A.B.Niang

 

 


2008 Annual report of the OIE Sub-Regional Representation for Southern Africa.

Gaborone - Botswana

2008

INTRODUCTION

The OIE Sub-Regional Representation for Southern Africa was established in 2005 in Gaborone (Botswana) to cover all member countries of, as well as to liaise with the Regional Economic Community, the Southern African Development Community (SADC), which also has its headquarters in Gaborone. The list of OIE member countries is presented as a foot-note below and as a map on the next page.

The office became operational from January 1st, 2006 when the Sub-Regional Representative was appointed. In the course of 2007, a Deputy-Representative was appointed (but later resigned) and a programme officer has been seconded to the OIE by the French Cooperation.

The office operates on funds made available by the European Development Fund through a SADC – EU Grant Contribution Agreement with the OIE (€ 750,000 for 5 years). Since 2007, additional funds have been made available through the World Animal Health and Welfare Fund of the OIE.

2008 has been a very active and busy year, not only in terms of disease outbreaks in the sub-region (with re-emergence of FMD in previously un-infected countries) but also in terms of capacity-building activities of the OIE Representation (five capacity building events organised) and the establishment of the Regional Animal Health Center for Southern Africa (with new offices occupied and staff increases from 4 to the current 8). The year has been succesful in terms of administrative and financial achievements too, with the succesful completion of work plan n° 2 and the start-up of work plan n° 3 (European Union funding) and the launch of the new OIE website for Africa. Unfortunately, the signing of a formal agreement between FAO, OIE and AU-IBAR for the establishment of the Regional Animal Health Center (RAHC-SA) is still awaited and so is the commitment of the Government of Botswana to provide premises for the OIE and the RAHC-SA in the future.

GEOGRAPHICAL COVERAGE OF THE REPRESENTATION

The Sub-Regional Representation covers 14 out of the 15 countries* of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), of which the Executive Secretariat is also based in Gaborone, Botswana.

(*) Note that the Seychelles have re-joined the SADC in the course of 2008, bringing to 15 the number of SADC Member States. Seychelles is not yet a member of the OIE.


DISEASE SITUATION REPORT
(latest reports)

The primary objective of the OIE is to prevent the spread of animal diseases in the world, hence the purpose of establishing the World Animal Health information System (WAHIS). The Sub-Regional Representation strongly emphasises timely and accurate notification obligations of OIE Member Countries and advocates judicious use of available scientific animal health information for decision making for disease prevention and containment.

Non-official information e.g. from mass media on animal disease outbreaks or abnormal epidemiological events is followed up for verification with the national veterinary authorities concerned.

Country

Disease

Species

Month

Notification to OIE


Botswana

Foot-and-Mouth Dis. SAT 2

Cattle

October

Yes (ongoing)

Botswana

Foot-and-Mouth Dis. SAT 2

Cattle

August

Yes (resolved)

Lesotho

Anthrax

Cattle

February

No

Madagascar

Rift Valley Fever

Cattle

April

Yes (resolved)

Malawi

Foot-and-Mouth Dis. SAT 2

Cattle

September

Yes (ongoing)

Malawi

Rabies

Cattle, humans

September

No (unconfirmed)

Mauritius

African Swine Fever

Pigs

Oct. 2007

Yes (ongoing)

Mauritius

Lumpy Skin Disease

Cattle

May

Yes (ongoing)

Mozambique

Foot-and-Mouth Disease

Cattle

March

Yes (ongoing)

Mozambique

Lumpy Skin Disease

Cattle

Feb. 2007

Yes (ongoing)

Namibia

African Swine Fever

Pigs

October

Yes (ongoing)

Namibia

Anthrax

Elephants

September

No (unconfirmed)

Namibia

Foot-and-Mouth Dis. SAT 2

Cattle

August

Yes (ongoing)

Namibia

Foot-and-Mouth Dis. SAT 2

Cattle

Nov. 2007

Yes (ongoing)

South Africa

Rabies

Dogs

August

No (endemic)

South Africa

Rift Valley Fever

Buffaloes

February

Yes (endemicity)

Swaziland

Rift Valley Fever

Cattle

July

Yes (resolved)

Tanzania

African Swine Fever

Pigs

March

Yes (ongoing)

Zambia

African Swine Fever

Pigs

Dec. 2007

Yes (ongoing)

Zambia

Anthrax

Wildlife

October

No

Zambia

Foot-and-Mouth Disease

Cattle

March

Yes (resolved)


Official notifications and informal reports on OIE listed diseases : ongoing outbreaks
since 2007 and new outbreaks recorded in 2008. Sources : WAHID and OIE SRR-SA.

Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) clearly remains a very serious challenge in Southern Africa with the 2007 outbreaks in the Caprivi, Namibia not yet resolved. Botswana has experienced fresh FMD outbreaks in the green Zone 12 in Khansi from where beef is exported to the European Union amidst widespread speculations on SAT 2 vaccine failure in Southern Africa.

After 20 years with no outbreak in Botswana, FMD outbreaks have been reported annually from 2002 in Matsiloje in a non-vaccinated zone, 2003 in Matopi also in a non-vaccinated zone, 2005 in Pandamatenga in a vaccinated zone, 2006 in Bobonong in a non-vaccinated zone, 2006 in Muchenje in a vaccinated zone, 2007 in Habu and in 2008 in Khansi in a non-vaccinated zone. Local knowledge seems to implicate kudus in the epidemiology of the disease as they are increasing numbers and easily jumping over the fences.

Angola has not reported FMD since 1974 but with the return of peace and growing numbers of livestock from returning refugees, one is bound to expect the disease to show up soon or latter.

Apart from FMD only two other diseases, i.e. African Swine Fever (ASF) and Rift Valley Fever (RVF) were reported to the OIE through the immediate notification system of WAHIS.

The whole animal health situation for 2008 for the SADC region will be complied by the SADC Secretariat, FANR Directorate before March 2009. The picture is certainly different on the ground as a large number of the OIE listed diseases are endemic in the region. Diseases like Newcastle disease (ND), vector-borne diseases, parasitic diseases as well as zoonoses like rabies, anthrax, brucellosis and even tuberculosis are neglected.

Botswana’s history of FMD as recorded above is a clear manifestation of a best practise in terms of disease reporting which should be emulated by all SADC Member States. It is also a very clear signal of the magnitude of the FMD problem in the other SADC Member States.

Thanks to the SADC Livestock Information Management System (LIMS), the animal health component requires SADC Member States to submit monthly reports which include all major diseases listed by the OIE and present in the region. SADC’s LIMS also emphasizes on improved National LIMS in which the respective National Epidemiology Units are required to ensure timely and accurate animal health data collection from the sub national levels. It is a mammoth task but it is gratifying to note that the SADC Epidemiology Network is committed to its course to keep the system functional.

Meanwhile, the SADC region continues to enjoy freedom from Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI), Peste des Petits Ruminants and Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy. There is obviously a dare need to increase vigilance on these diseases to prevent their introduction and or be prepared to contain them in case of eventuality.

TECHNICAL PROGRESS REPORT

COUNTRY VISITS

Two official country visits were conducted, one to Angola (July) and another to Botswana (September) whereby the OIE Sub-Regional Representation staff had very fruitful consultations with the OIE Delegates and respective Ministers responsible for Agriculture. The purpose of these missions and the discussions with the Veterinary Authorities were based on the ToRs approved by the OIE HQs on the 12th of September 2007. Mission reports were circulated and are available on request. Now that most of the Veterinary Services of SADC Member States have been assessed through the PVS missions, future missions will concentrate on gap analyses, leading to project identification and formulation in priority areas of investments for the animal health sector.

GOOD GOVERNANCE OF VETERINARY SERVICES

The Sub-Regional Representation is not formally involved in the ongoing round of PVS missions in the SADC Member States, but has repeatedly promoted the concept amongst representatives of national veterinary services and regional and international organisations alike. To this effect, a power point presentation has been designed, which deals with the PVS programme on the African continent. To date 10 SADC Member States have requested for PVS Assessment missions. These are DRC, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, Tanzania and Zambia. Evaluation reports for Lesotho, Madagascar and Malawi have been received by the OIE SRR and are being scrutinised to enable follow up missions on gap analysis in the coming months. Following the OIE SRR’s advocacy, it is believed that South Africa, Botswana and Angola will submit requests shortly. The only remaining country to apply for PVS therefore is Zimbabwe; its future application will depend upon the normalisation of socio-political conditions.

The OIE SRR successfully conducted its first workshop on Good governance for veterinary services in Gaborone, Botswana from 16th – 18th January 2008. The workshop was also considered as the official launch of the Sub-Regional Representation’s capacity-building activities and was attended and presided over by the Director-General of the OIE, Dr. Bernard Vallat. The workshop was attended by around 65 participants from all SADC Member States (except Angola), and in addition also Uganda, Rwanda, the Seychelles and the Comoros. A set of recommendations on sound veterinary governance and facilitation of local and international trade of animals and animal products were agreed for implementation both by Member States, international agencies and financial institutions.

CAPACITY BUILDING

The capacity building of veterinary services staff is one of the core activities, funded under the EU – SADC grant contribution agreement. Capacity building focuses on laboratory personnel, senior veterinary officers, and other animal health scientists. OIE’s priority task is to improve animal health worldwide and to do so capacity building for the national Veterinary Services is paramount in support of their efforts to participate in the development and application of international standards.

In 2008, the OIE Sub Regional Representation for Southern Africa in collaboration with OIE Headquarters and the Regional Representation for Africa, managed to organise and fund 5 capacity building activities under its work plans n° 2 and n° 3 (partly) :

  • Regional seminar on good governance for veterinary services, held in Gaborone, Botswana (January);
  • Regional RVF-training for laboratory personnel conducted at the Central Veterinary Laboratory, Temeke in Tanzania (February);
  • Regional seminar on aquatic animal health held in Maputo, Mozambique (June);
  • Third meeting of the SADC Joint Technical Committee on Avian and Human Influenza held in Lusaka, Zambia (July), co-organised and co-funded by the OIE;
  • Regional seminar on importation of animal products, held in Maseru, Lesotho in December, back to back with a capacity-building workshop of the WTO on SPS measures.

The OIE Sub-Regional Representation for Southern Africa also supported and participated in a highly successful meeting of the Southern and Eastern African Rabies Group (SEARG) held in August in Gaborone, Botswana.

In addition, the OE SRR-SA co-funded the participation of OIE delegates and focal points from the SADC region to the 1st OIE Continental Conference on veterinary drugs in Africa (March, Dakar, Senegal) and to the 2nd OIE Global Conference on animal welfare (October, Cairo, Egypt).

These activities were very well organised thanks to the host countries. Not only did these workshops achieve the expected results as per ToRs to impact skills and knowledge to the participants but they also significantly raised the profile of OIE. They also created much needed partnerships and working relationships with institutions like OIE Reference Laboratories and Collaborating Centres and other stakeholders in addressing animal health issues in the SADC region.

NOTIFICATION

The Sub-Regional Representation actively insists on the notification requirements of OIE member countries and will contact OIE delegates when rumours of important new outbreaks or epidemiological events are not followed by official notifications to OIE in a reasonable lapse of time (e.g. ASF outbreaks in Namibia lately). The issue of notification is also part of any country visit conducted (or to be conducted). The following screen-shot combines the reporting status of SADC member countries for 2007 and 2008 (so far).


WAHID © Reporting summary on November 14th, 2008


It appears from this table that countries not or less complying with (standard) reporting requirements are Malawi and Mauritius (6-monthly reporting 2007), but also DRC, Mauritius, Zambia and Zimbabwe (annual reports 2007).

In terms of immediate notifications, 10 out of the 14 OIE member countries reported a total of 12 outbreaks in the course of 2008 (recorded on November 14th, 2008). Half of these outbreaks are related to foot-and-mouth disease outbreaks, in most, if not all cases, of the SAT-2 serotype.
Taking into account last year’s reports (2007), eleven (11) outbreaks are still active at this point in time, while South Africa has declared endemicity for Rift Valley fever in buffaloes (November 3rd, 2008) and Botswana for foot-and-mouth disease in cattle in the vaccination zone (Aug. 5th, 2008). The average number of follow-up reports submitted is two (2) with a maximum of 6 (South Africa).

Another important issue is related to the development by the PRINT project, under the auspices of the SADC Secretariat, of the Livestock Information Management System (LIMS), an information management system aimed at national reporting by Member States to SADC of data on livestock trade and marketing, animal production and animal health. The software package is currently being rolled-out in all 15 SADC Member States. This adoption and installation phase should be completed by March 2009.

TWINNING AND REFERENCE LABORATORIES

These activities serve a dual –not mutually exclusive – purpose : (a) to enhance diagnostic capacity for particular diseases through twinning agreements with OIE reference laboratories and (b) to increase the number of OIE reference laboratories in the sub-region, through twinning agreements or not.

In November 2007, the OIE SRR circulated a baseline questionnaire to start identifying possible interests on behalf of SADC Member States. In April 2008, the analysis of the results of this questionnaire, along with all guidelines for the twinning process has been circulated to all Heads of these national veterinary laboratories in SADC Member States.

In 2008, the OVI (Onderstepoort, Pretoria) in South Africa and BNVL (Sebele, Gaborone) in Botswana officially signed twinning arrangements with VLA (Weybridge) in the UK and CESME (Teramo) in Italy for NAI/Newcastle disease (ND) and CBPP respectively. This process has been largely facilitated by the OIE Headquarters.

Other twinning arrangements are in the pipeline. So far the BNVL Botswana has shown interest to twin with the OIE Reference Laboratory for NAI/ND at ISVe (Padova) in Italy. The OIE would seem to favour a second twinning agreement on NAI/ND in the region, knowing that OVI might have limited capacity to deal with requests for confirmation from external countries if ever there is an outbreak in South or in Southern Africa. This is very much in line with the programme of the SADC Sub-Committees on Laboratory diagnosis and Epidemiology and informatics (joined in the SADC SC HPAI working group) to identify such a second regional reference laboratory.

Lastly, the University of Zambia (UNZA) School of Veterinary Medicine’s micro-biology laboratory has expressed interest to twin with the OIE Reference Laboratory on EUS in Bangkok, Thailand. OIE SRR is in consultations with this OIE Reference Laboratory for a possible twinning.

The OIE SRR is also in consultation with MITC in Botswana and the Department of Icthyology, Rhodes University in South Africa for possible consideration as Collaborating Centres on Training on meat inspection and Training on aquatic animal health respectively.

 

PARTICIPATION OF AFRICAN EXPERTS IN STANDARD SETTING ACTIVITIES OF THE OIE

The activities foreseen by OIE and specified in the EU – SADC Grant Contribution Agreement, seeks not only to increase the number of African experts in the various standard setting bodies of the OIE (commissions, working groups and ad hoc groups) but also to increase the involvement of African veterinary services and especially the OIE delegates and subject matter focal points in the various phases of the standard setting processes, such as providing comments to the Technical and Scientific Commission and participate in debates during the General Session.

This programme has been implemented, to start with through the design of a small MS Access based database that should help the OIE office identify possible experts. This database was commissioned in December 2007 and delivered in January 2008. Specific data-entry sheets have been designed in February 2008 and data-entry is currently ongoing.

A lot of emphasis has been put on the comments to be prepared by subject matter focal points and delivered by the OIE delegates on reports emanating from the various OIE Commissions. One of the outcomes of the workshop where the study commissioned by the Southern African Council of Agricultural Unions (SACAU) on the workings of the OIE was presented, was precisely that this is probably one of the best ways to influence or strengthen standard-setting from an African perspective.

     
 

Looking closely at the African members of the various OIE advisory bodies, 27 experts are currently seating in OIE commissions, working groups and ad-hoc groups (although in fact there are only 21 experts, some of whom seat on various commissions/groups).

Zeroing in on Southern Africa, there are 11 members (and 11 experts), most of who come from the southern cone (Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland and Zimbabwe).

The tables on the following page list the Southern African OIE experts (2008), as well as the OIE Delegates in the SADC region (as per November 14th). Amongst the latter, 21.4% are women, which is below SADC’s gender policy of 50% in decision making positions

Number of members from the various OIE commissions, working groups and
ad-hoc groups, who are nationals of one of the SADC Member States.

Source : OIE Scientific and Technical Department.
   

   

 

Country

Standard setting advisory body

Type

Name

Surname


Zimbabwe

Terrestrial Animal Health Standards

Commission

Stuart K.

Hargreaves

Lesotho

Animal welfare

Working group

Morosi

Molomo

Swaziland

Animal production and food safety

Working group

Robert S.

Thwala

South Africa

Wildlife

Working group

Roy

Bengis

Botswana

Animal welfare : livestock production systems

Ad-hoc group

Kerapetse

Sehularo

Botswana

Identification and Traceability of Live Animals

Ad-hoc group

Musa

Fanikiso

Botswana

Trade in Animal Products

Ad-hoc group

Moetapele

Letshwenyo

Namibia

Evaluation of Veterinary Services

Ad-hoc group

Herbert

Schneider

South Africa

Evaluation of Country Status for FMD

Ad-hoc group

Paul

Kloeck

South Africa

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome

Ad-hoc group

Gary

Bührmann

South Africa

Wildlife disease surveillance

Ad-hoc group

Nick

Kriek


Experts from the various OIE commissions, working groups and ad-hoc groups,
who are nationals of one of the SADC Member States. Source : OIE Scientific and Technical Department.

 

Country

Position

Institution

Name

Surname


Angola

Director General of the Institute of Vet. Services (ISV)

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development

Filipe

Vissesse

Botswana

Director Animal Health

Ministry of Agriculture

Moetapele

Letshwenyo

Dem.R. Congo

Director Department of Animal Production and Health

Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Animal Husbandry

Honoré R.

N’Lemba Mabela

Lesotho

Director of Livestock Services

Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security

Marosi

Molomo

Madagascar

Director of the Animal Health and Phytosanitary Department

Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Fisheries

Josoa

Rakotosa-mimanana

Malawi

Deputy Director Department of Animal Health and Livestock Development

Ministry of Agriculture

Patrick B.

Chikungwa

Mauritius

Director of Animal Husbandry

Ministry of Rural Development 

Deodass

Meenowa

Mozambique

Director of the National Directorate of Vet. Services

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development

Florência M.

Cipriano

Namibia

Chief Veterinary Officer

Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Forestry

Albertina

Shilongo

South Africa

Senior Manager Animal Health

Directorate Animal Health

Department of Agriculture

Bothle M.

Modisane

Swaziland

Permanent Secretary

Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives

Robert S.

Thwala

Tanzania

Director of Veterinary Services

Ministry of Livestock Development and Fisheries

Win C.H.

Mleche

Zambia

Deputy Director Department of Research and Specialist Services

Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives

Moto P. C.

Mangani

Zimbabwe

Principal Director Division of Livestock and Vet. Services

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development

Stuart K.

Hargreaves


OIE Delegates from the SADC Member States.

MEETINGS & CONFERENCES

Throughout the year, the OIE Sub-Regional Representation for Southern Africa maintained close ties with the SADC Secretariat and was therefore involved in all the regional actions and initiatives related with the Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources (FANR) Directorate. OIE SRR participated actively in various coordination platforms set up by SADC, and donors of livestock projects like the EU and AfDB, together with the 2 partner organisations – FAO and AU-IBAR.

The OIE SRR takes advantage of regional conferences and seminars organised by partner agencies to promote the OIE and its missions depending on the subject of discussion.

The table below provides an overview of the main conferences, seminars, workshops and other meetings in which the Sub-Regional Representation participated in 2008. Official back-to-office-reports (BTOR) from these missions, meetings and conferences are available on request.

Date(s)

Theme(s) and venue

Country


January 16 - 18

OIE Regional Seminar “Good Governance for Veterinary Services” (Gaborone)

Botswana

February 12 - 15

OIE Regional course on Rift Valley Fever laboratory diagnosis.
CVL (Temeke) Dar-es-Salaam

Tanzania

February 18 - 20

4 th PVS Training seminar (OIE – Paris)

France

March 3

Livestock Coordination Meeting at the EC delegation in Gaborone.

Botswana

March 3 – 4

SADC working group on HPAI under the Diagnostics Sub-Committee.

Botswana

March 6 – 7

SADC AHI Platform for Southern Africa meeting held in Johannesburg.

South Africa

March 11 - 12

SPINAP AHI workshop organised by AU-IBAR to review SPINAP-AHI project appraisals from SADC Member States.

Botswana

March 24 - 28

OIE Conference on Veterinary Drugs in Africa, held in Dakar.

Senegal

April 16 - 18

SADC Diagnostics Sub Committee meeting in Maseru.

Lesotho

April 22 - 24

SADC Livestock Technical Committee (LTC) meeting in Gaborone.

Botswana

April 21 – 23

FAO workshop on the “Fisheries Bio-Security Framework for Southern Africa” in Lilongwe.

Malawi

May 21 – 24

FAO-ECTAD regional planning and skills-building workshop on “Strategic communication for the prevention and control of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI)” for West African countries in Dakar.

Senegal

May 24 – 30

76th OIE General Session in Paris, France.

France

June 6 - 8

GALV-med board meeting (observer status) in Pretoria.

South Africa

June 9 - 13

OIE Regional Seminar “OIE International Standards : a lever for growth in the fisheries and aquaculture sector in Southern Africa”, Maputo.

Mozambique

June 26

SADC FANR Thematic Group Meeting with the ICP’s (Gaborone).

Botswana

July 9 – 10

Third SADC AHI Joint Technical Committee meeting in Lusaka.

Zambia

July 16

Courtesy visit by the Director of FANR (SADC), Mrs Margaret Nyirenda, accompanied by the Senior Programme Manager Livestock, Mr Beedee-anan Hulman. The purpose of the visit was to present the Director with the activities of the RAHC for Southern Africa and discuss institutional linkages with the SADC-Secretariat.

Botswana

July 16

Presentation of progress on implementation of the PRINT-Livestock project (SADC).

Botswana

July 28 – 31

Country visit to the Republic of Angola (Luanda).

Angola

August 20 – 22

Annual conference of the Southern African Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine (SASVEPM), Benoni.

South Africa

August 25 – 28

Conference of the Southern and Eastern African Rabies Group (SEARG), Gaborone.

Botswana

August 25

One-day presentation workshop of the report on “Evaluation of priority areas for participation in the work of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and its structures”, commissioned by the Southern African Council of Agricultural Unions (SACAU) in 2008 (Johannesburg)

South Africa

September 11

Country visit to the Republic of Botswana (Gaborone).

Botswana

September 12

HPAI working group of the SADC Sub-Committee on laboratory diagnosis. GICC (Gaborone).

Botswana

September 18

SADC PRINT-Livestock project’s steering committee meeting.

Botswana

September 22

SADC FMD project’s briefing of the mid-term review mission.

Botswana

September 23

SADC MRL project’s consultative meeting (Gaborone).

Botswana

September 25 - 26

SADC FMD project’s contact points’ meeting (Gaborone)

Botswana

October 2 – 4

SPINAP – AHI Technical Workshop for Southern Africa

Botswana

October 20 – 22

2nd OIE Global Conference on Animal Welfare (Cairo)

Egypt

October 25 – 26

6th International Ministerial Conference on Avian and Pandemic Influenza (Sharm-el-Sheikh)

Egypt

November 4 - 6

SADC livestock policy dialogue (SADC regional agricultural policy development). Joint meeting of three SADC LTC Sub-Committees

Botswana

November 12 – 14

SADC – FMD Programme regional seminar on TFCA’s and risk management of TADs (Kasane)

Botswana

November 18 - 20

CIRAD Regional Seminar on animal epidemiology in the Indian Ocean region, with special reference to Rift Valley Fever

Mayotte

November 26 - 28

SADC Livestock Technical Committee (LTC) meeting in Gaborone.

Botswana

December 1 - 3

Regional WTO workshop on SPS agreements for southern African countries, co-organised with the OIE (Maseru)

Lesotho

December 4 – 5

Regional OIE workshop on ”importation of animal products : threat or opportunity?”, co-organised with the WTO (Maseru)

Lesotho

December 15 - 17

Meeting of the (Sub-)Regional Representations with the OIE Central Bureau (Paris)

France


 


ADMINISTRATIVE REPORT

The Sub-Regional Representation is currently renting office premises, which are shared with the FAO and AU-IBAR, awaiting a response from the Government of Botswana on OIE’s request to host the OIE Sub-Regional Representation together with FAO-ECTAD and AU-IBAR as part of the Regional Animal Health Center for Southern Africa. The request was launched last year by the Director General of the OIE and the Government of Botswana has yet to respond despite several kind reminders through the OIE Delegate in the Ministry of Agriculture. The issue was again raised during the courtesy visit to the new Minister of Agriculture, the Hon. Christiaan De Graaf.

Due to the significant increase of (Regional Animal Health Center) staff, it has been decided to re-partition part of the office into three additional offices. The cost was shared between FAO, OIE and AU-IBAR. Notwithstanding these measures, office space will be insufficient to cater for expected staff increases as from 2009.

In practical terms, the activities of the OIE SRR-SA remain thus far largely dictated by the SADC-EU Grant Contribution Agreement with OIE, which is in force until the end of 2009.

The narrative and financial report for the EDF-funded work plan n° 2 was submitted to the Regional Authorising Officer of the EDF, the SADC Executive Secretary, on July 28th, 2008. This second progress report covers the period from August 1st, 2006 up to March 31st, 2008 when the 70% disbursement threshold of pre-financing n° 2 was exceeded.

Plans are currently underway to engage in consultations on how to sustain the OIE Sub-Regional Representation for Southern Africa from OIE’s own funds and voluntary contributions from partners.

Until December 31st 2008 the staff disposition list remains minimal as shown in the table below. The recruitment of an OIE deputy-representative has been initiated and should be completed by the end of December 2008 at latest. This position will be funded by USDA through the OIE World Animal Health and Welfare Fund. The incumbent is expected to take up his/her position in early 2009.

In addition to activities listed in the technical report, the OIE SRR-SA also completed several initiatives aiming at the increased visibility of the OIE : the updating and translation (in English) of the OIE-Africa website ( online since October 31st at www.rr-africa.oie.int ), the publication and dissemination of a poster (in both English and French) on rabies in Southern Africa and the publication of an advert on the OIE, linked to the Onderstepoort Centenary Celebrations and Pan-African Veterinary Congress at Onderstepoort in South Africa, in the October 10th issue of Farmer’s Weekly.

STAFF

Position

Name

Starting date


Representative

Bonaventure J. Mtei

01.01.2006

Deputy Representative

[recruitment ongoing]

01.01.2009

Programme Officer

Patrick X. Bastiaensen

22.04.2007

Secretary

Nomsa Thekiso

01.02.2006


The following tables present the current administrative set-up of the Sub-Regional Representation, and the official delegations we had the pleasure to welcome during 2008.

AGREEMENTS & HOSTING


Agreement

Signatories

Starting date


MoU SADC Secretariat

OIE & SADC

2003

Grant Contribution Agreement

OIE, SADC & EC

2005

Hosting Agreement

OIE & Gov. of Botswana

2006

MoU RAHC Southern Africa

OIE & FAO

Draft


OFFICIAL VISITS

Designation

Organisation / Country

Month


Participants in the OIE Regional Seminar on Good Governance
(HoD : Dr Bernard Vallat, DG)

OIE Headquarters (Paris)

January

Courtesy visit (HoD : Mr Haoju Han, Sub-Regional Representative)

FAO SAFR (Harare)

February

Courtesy visit Dr Sabrina Mayoufi

FAO – ECTAD (Rome)

March

Courtesy visit M. Antoine K. Nguz & Hugo Hays

SADC FANR MRL project

March

Working visit Dr Abdoulaye Niang, Regional Representative

OIE RR Africa (Bamako)

April

Working visit ALIVE mission (communication)
HoD M. Daniel Grégoire

Alive Secretariat

June

Working visit ALIVE mission (socio-economics and bio-diversity) HoD M. Simba Simbanda

Alive Secretariat

June

Courtesy visit Mr Joseph Cary

FAO SAFR (Harare) SFS

June

Courtesy visit Mr Helmut Müller-Glodde
& Dr. Susanne Pritze

GTZ (Gaborone and Eschborn)

July

Mr Sloans Chimatiro, Senior Fisheries Advisor

NEPAD Secretariat (Midrand)

July

Courtesy visit Mrs Margareth Nyirenda, Director & M. Beedeeanan Hulman, Senior Programme Manager Livestock

SADC – FANR (Gaborone)

July

Courtesy visit Prof. Dr. Louis Nel

SEARG

August

Courtesy visit Dr Ahmed El-Sawalhy, Director a.i.

AU-IBAR (Nairobi)

October

Courtesy visit Dr Mishek Mulumba, team leader

SADC FANR TADs project

October

Working visit ALIVE mission (epidemiology)
HoD Dr Mark Rweyemamu

Alive Secretariat

November


 

REGIONAL ANIMAL HEALTH CENTER

The purpose of the Regional Animal Health Centre for Southern Africa is to provide a coordination mechanism between the FAO, IBAR and the OIE to harmonise and strengthen policies and strategies for TADs prevention and control in Africa (with particular emphasis on HPAI). The combined expertise of the partner organisations is to be made available to SADC Member States and the SADC Secretariat.

The situation as far as the RAHC for Southern Africa is concerned is as follows :

(1) The OIE Sub-Regional Representation for Southern Africa was established in Gaborone since late 2005. Two senior technical staff are on-site.
(2) The FAO Sub-regional ECTAD antenna was established since mid-2007 and operational modalities were agreed between FAO Harare (SAFR), FAO Johannesburg (RIACSO) and FAO Gaborone (ECTAD). Two senior technical staff are on-site while two more technical staff members are based in Pretoria (South Africa)
(3) The AU-IBAR antenna has been operational since February 2008, initially through the EC-funded SPINAP-AHI, later through the appointment of an AU-IBAR representative (September 2008). Therefore, there are currently two senior technical staff on-site.
(4) A draft Memorandum of Understanding (or Agreement) is under review by the constituting partner organisations and stakeholders (SADC-Secretariat and Government of Botswana). It is expected that OIE and FAO will sign an Agreement first and that AU-IBAR will join later (rider to the Agreement).

Awaiting this formal recognition by the signatory parties, the Regional Animal Health Center has already entered into informal talks with the SADC-Secretariat on its future collaboration and interaction with this Regional Economic Community (REC), in the spirit of the GF-TADs agreement. A meeting between Mrs Margareth Nyirenda (Director of FANR), Mr Beedeeanan Hulman (Senior Programme Manager Livestock of FANR) and the representatives of the three organizations within the RAHC/SA, on July 25th, in the OIE’s offices, laid the groundwork for possible future recognition by the SADC – Secretariat of the RAHC/SA as ‘Center of Excellence’ on trans-boundary animal diseases (TADs) in realisation of the subsidiarity principle adopted by SADC Council of Ministers. One of the points of discussion is the possible pivotal role the RAHC/SA in the set-up of the Southern African Commission for the Control of TADs or SACCT, to be established with financial support from the AfDB (SADC TADs Project) and the EU (SADC FMD Project).

As soon as the RAHC Agreement for Southern Africa is signed, a programme of activities will be drawn up defining actions to be undertaken and missions to be carried out including outsourcing of services required.

The staff members of the RAHC for Southern Africa are :

Name

Position

Organisation


Bonaventure Mtei

Representative

OIE

Patrick Bastiaensen

Programme officer

OIE

Nomsa Thekiso

Secretary

OIE

Susanne Münstermann

Regional Manager ECTAD

FAO

Grace Ssemakula

Financial and Administrative Assistant

FAO

Mokganedi Mokopasetso

Project officer (foot-and-mouth disease)

FAO

Pasca Gwarada *

Project officer (avian influenza)

FAO

Phil Fong *

Project officer (digital pen technology)

FAO

Baboucarr Jaw

Representative

AU-IBAR

Mohamed Bashir El-Zein

Regional Coordinator SPINAP

AU-IBAR


(*) Based in Pretoria

RAHC-Southern Africa staff (from left to right)
Standing : Baboucarr Jaw, Phil Fong, Patrick Bastiaensen, Mohamed Bashir El-Zein, Mokganedi Mokopasetso, Bonaventure Mtei.
Seated : Pasca Gwarada, Grace Ssemakula, Susanne Münstermann.

 

FINANCIAL REPORT

The funding of the Sub-Regional Representation for 2008 was sourced from :

  1. the EDF funding provided through SADC-Secretariat to OIE (Paris)
  2. the OIE funding provided through the World Animal Health and Welfare Fund
  3. the funding provided by the French Cooperation through the secondment of a programme officer and a € 12,000 p.a. operational budget (extra-budgetary to OIE).

For the year 2008, the budget stood at € 321,410 of which € 263,600 from the EDF and € 57,810 from the WAHWF.

As far as the EDF Contribution Agreement is concerned, work-plan n° 2 is now completed. It was implemented between January 1st, 2007 and June 30th, 2008 (18 months) in accordance with a revised action plan and budgetary reshuffle, submitted and approved in October 2007. The final expenditures of the work plan n° 2 represent 90% of the budget, which is by all standards a very high expenditure rate. Overall 52% has been used and 48% of the budget remains to be disbursed during work-plan n° 3, which started in July 2008 and will end in December 2009 (18 months).

Overall, the budget lines with regard to operational expenses, travel, allowances, workshops and conferences will be entirely consumed by the end of 2008, except for the budget foreseen for the Deputy Representative (€ 21,500); the latter budget remained unused due to the delays in the recruitment process. These funds were earmarked on the OIE World Animal Health and Welfare Fund. Taking this into account, it is likely that the final level of expenditure will stand at approximately € 290,000 or 90% of the 2008 budget (excluding extra-budgetary French Cooperation funding).

Cost category

Budget lines

Contribution

Contribution

Total

 

 

EDF (12 months) 2008

WAHW Fund 2008

2008


PERSONNEL

Staff expenses

65 100.00

18 000.00

83 100.00

TRAINING

Regional workshops, conferences

131 450.00

0.00

131 450.00

OPERATION

Travel and travel allowances

15 000.00

3 500.00

18 500.00

OPERATION

Operating costs

52 050.00

36 310.00

88 360.00


 

Total (€)

263 600.00

57 810.00

321 410.00


 

CONCLUSIONS AND 2009 OUTLOOK

The sub-regional office in Gaborone was set up as an instrument to bring OIE closer to the SADC Member States (as requested by the member countries), to demonstrate that OIE standards can be applied in developing and in-transition countries, in an attempt to help integrate these countries into the global marketplace by lifting non-tariff trade barriers.

This vision of solidarity with the developing world is the translation of the insight of the Director-General, as laid down in the 4th Strategic Plan 2006 – 2010, in particular the 4th Strategic objective “in cooperation with partners, to strengthen the capacity of member countries in their efforts to participate in the development of, and to apply international standards and guidelines for animal health and welfare, including zoonoses.”

The challenge ahead for the OIE Sub-Regional Representation for Southern Africa is to translate this political (strategic) vision in action leading to tangible results with the help of development partners.

We believe that 2008 has enabled us to do just that and we are confident that the Representation has made significant impact on the animal health agenda in Southern Africa and has considerably improved the capacity of national veterinary services to understand, exploit and deal with OIE standards in areas of terrestrial and aquatic animal diseases.

The 5-year programme that is being implemented with the support of the EU has been tremendously instrumental in facilitating OIE’s impact, visibility and outreach in Southern Africa, but the funding arrangement comes to an end in December 2009. This means that by the end of 2009, the office will have to be consolidated and will have to ensure basic operation using OIE own funds. By that time the Regional Animal Health Center too, will have reached full maturity.

2009 will therefore be a very important year, not only because of the importance of the EU – SADC budget that is still available for capacity-building (the EDF-based budget for 2009 is estimated at € 215,000 of which more than € 100,000 for capacity-building), but also because of the urgent need to enable a smooth transition to other funding sources and funding mechanisms, alone or in partnership with FAO and AU-IBAR, within the framework of the Regional Animal Health Center for Southern Africa


List of acronyms used in this report

  • AfDB African Development Bank
  • AHI Animal and Human Influenza
  • ASF African Swine Fever
  • AU African Union
  • BMC Botswana Meat Commission
  • BNVL Botswana National Veterinary Laboratory
  • BSL Bio-Safety Level
  • BW Botswana (ISO code)
  • CBPP Contagious Bovine Pleuro-Pneumonia
  • CESME Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell'Abruzzo e del Molise 'G. Caporale'
  • CIRAD Centre de Coopération International en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement
  • CVL Central Veterinary Laboratory
  • DRC Democratic Republic of Congo
  • EC European Commission
  • ECD European Commission Delegation (Gaborone)
  • ECTAD Emergency Center for Tranns-boundary Animal Diseases (FAO)
  • EDF European Development Fund
  • EU European Union
  • EUS Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome
  • FANR Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources
  • FAO Food and Agriculture Organisation (of the UN)
  • FMD Foot-and-Mouth Disease
  • GALVmed Global Alliance for Livestock Veterinary Medicines
  • GF-TAD Global Forum for the progressive control of Trans-boundary Animal Diseases (FAO – OIE)
  • HoD Head of Delegation
  • HPAI Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza
  • HQ Headquarters
  • IBAR Inter-african Bureau for Animal Resources (Nairobi)
  • ICP International Cooperation Partner(s)
  • ISVe Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie
  • LIMS Livestock Information Management System (SADC)
  • LSD Lumpy Skin Disease
  • LTC Livestock Technical Committee (SADC)
  • MITC Meat Inspection Training Center (BW)
  • MoU Memorandum of Understanding
  • MRL Maximum Residue Level
  • NAI Notifiable Avian Influenza
  • ND Newcastle Disease
  • NEPAD New Economic Partnership for Africa’s Development (AU)
  • OVI Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute
  • Panvac Pan-African Vet. Vaccine Center (Debre-Zeit)
  • PRINT Promoting Regional Integration in the SADC Livestock Sector
  • PVS Performance of Veterinary Services (OIE)
  • RAHC Regional Animal Health Center
  • REC Regional Economic Community
  • RIACSO United Nations Regional Inter-Agency Coordination Support Office (Johannesburg)
  • RR Regional Representation (OIE)
  • RVF Rift Valley Fever
  • SA Southern Africa
  • SACAU Southern African Council of Agricultural Unions
  • SADC Southern African Development Community
  • SAFR Representation for Southern Africa (FAO)
  • SAT Southern African Type (FMD)
  • SC Sub-Committee (SADC)
  • SEARG Southern and Eastern Africa Rabies Group
  • SFMDP SADC Foot and Mouth Disease Project
  • SPINAP – AHI Support Programme for Integrated National Action Plans (AU-IBAR)
  • SPS Sanitary and Phyto-Sanitary (agreements)
  • SRR Sub-Regional Representation
  • STDF Standards and Trade Development Facility
  • TAD Trans-boundary Animal Disease(s)
  • ToR Terms of Reference
  • VLA Veterinary Laboratories Agency
  • VS Veterinary services
  • WAHIS World Animal Health Information System
  • WAHWF World Animal health and Welfare Fund (OIE)
  • WHO World Health Organisation
  • WTO World Trade Organisation